The pillars of Iskam (Aqiddah)
The first thing to know is that Aqeedah is the set of beliefs that Muslims have about Allah (God), the Prophets, the Day of Judgment, and other important Islamic concepts. Aqeedah is an essential part of being a Muslim, and it helps us understand the world around us and our place in it.
The most important belief in Aqeedah is the belief in Allah. Muslims believe that Allah is the one and only God, and there is no other God besides Him. Allah is the Creator of everything in the universe, and He is all-knowing, all-powerful, and all-merciful. Muslims believe that Allah has sent prophets to guide people throughout history, including Prophet Adam, Prophet Noah, Prophet Abraham, Prophet Moses, Prophet Jesus, and Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon them all).
Muslims also believe in the Day of Judgment, which is the day when Allah will judge all people according to their deeds. Those who have done good deeds will be rewarded with paradise, while those who have done bad deeds will be punished in hellfire.
Other important beliefs in Aqeedah include the belief in angels, who are Allah’s servants, and the belief in the holy book of Islam, the Quran. Muslims believe that the Quran is the word of Allah, revealed to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) over a period of 23 years.
The Five Pillars of Islam are the basic acts of worship that form the foundation of Muslim life. These five practices are considered essential for all Muslims and are a reflection of their submission and devotion to Allah (God).
1. Shahada: The declaration of faith – This is the most important pillar of Islam and it involves declaring that there is no God except Allah and that Muhammad is His messenger. It is a declaration that a person makes to bear witness that they believe in the oneness of God and the prophethood of Muhammad. It is considered the foundation of Islam and is recited daily by Muslims in their prayers.
2. Salah: The five daily prayers – Muslims are required to pray five times a day, facing towards the Kaaba in Mecca, which is considered the holiest site in Islam. The prayers are performed at specific times throughout the day and are a means of establishing a direct connection with Allah. The prayers involve standing, bowing, and prostrating in a specific manner, reciting verses from the Quran and supplications.
3. Zakat: Giving to charity – Zakat is the act of giving a portion of one’s wealth to those in need. Muslims are required to give a certain percentage of their wealth each year to help the poor and needy. It is considered a way to purify one’s wealth and to help build a more equitable society.
4. Sawm: Fasting during Ramadan – Muslims are required to fast from dawn until sunset during the month of Ramadan, which is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. Fasting involves abstaining from food, drink, and other physical needs during daylight hours. It is considered a means of developing self-discipline, empathy, and spiritual awareness.
5. Hajj: Pilgrimage to Mecca – Muslims who are physically and financially able to do so are required to make a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lifetime. The Hajj is a journey of spiritual renewal and it involves a series of rituals that are performed over several days in the holy city of Mecca. The pilgrimage is considered a way to purify one’s soul and to experience the unity of the Muslim community.
In summary, the Five Pillars of Islam are the Shahada (declaration of faith), Salah (five daily prayers), Zakat (giving to charity), Sawm (fasting during Ramadan), and Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca). These practices are the foundation of Muslim faith and are considered essential for leading a righteous and fulfilling life.
The pillars of Imaan (faith)
The pillars of Imaan refer to the six basic beliefs that form the foundation of the Islamic faith. These beliefs are considered essential for all Muslims and are a reflection of their submission and devotion to Allah (God).
1. Belief in Allah (Tawheed) – The most fundamental belief in Islam is the belief in the oneness of Allah. Muslims believe that there is only one God and that He is the creator of everything in the universe. Allah is all-knowing, all-powerful, and all-merciful.
2. Belief in the Angels – Muslims believe in the existence of angels, who are created by Allah to serve Him and carry out His commands. They are believed to be purely spiritual beings and do not possess free will like humans.
3. Belief in the Prophets – Muslims believe that Allah has sent prophets to guide people throughout history. These prophets include Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad (peace be upon them all). Muslims believe that Muhammad is the final prophet and the messenger of Allah.
4. Belief in the Holy Books – Muslims believe in the holy books that were revealed by Allah to the prophets. These books include the Quran, which is the final and most complete book, as well as the Torah, the Psalms, and the Gospel.
5. Belief in the Day of Judgment – Muslims believe in the Day of Judgment, which is the day when Allah will judge all people according to their deeds. Those who have done good deeds will be rewarded with paradise, while those who have done bad deeds will be punished in hellfire.
6. Belief in Divine Decree – Muslims believe in the concept of divine decree, which means that everything that happens in the world is according to the will of Allah. Muslims believe that Allah has complete knowledge and control over everything that happens in the universe.
The diffrence between singling (Lordship & Worship) in Islamic Aqiddah
Lordship, or “rububiyyah” in Arabic, refers to the belief that Allah (God) is the Lord and Creator of the universe, and has full control and authority over all aspects of creation. This includes the power to give life and take it away, to provide sustenance and guidance, and to bestow blessings and trials upon individuals.
Worship, or “ubudiyyah” in Arabic, refers to the act of submitting oneself to Allah’s will and obeying His commands. This includes performing acts of worship such as prayer, fasting, giving charity, and making pilgrimage to Mecca, as well as following the moral and ethical teachings of Islam.
While lordship and worship are distinct concepts, they are closely interconnected in Islamic belief. Muslims believe that acknowledging Allah’s lordship is the first step towards accepting His worship, and that fulfilling one’s duties towards Allah through acts of worship is the ultimate expression of submission to His lordship. In essence, the belief in Allah’s lordship and the practice of worship are two sides of the same coin in Islamic belief.
In summary, the pillars of Imaan (faith) are the belief in Allah, the Angels, the Prophets, the Holy Books, the Day of Judgment, and Divine Decree. These beliefs form the foundation of Muslim faith and are considered essential for leading a righteous and fulfilling life.